Importing

Russia’s primary import commodities include equipment and transport vehicles, industrial machinery, chemicals and food.

Shipments from the following countries predominated in imports: China - 13.6%, Germany - 12.7, USA - 5.5, France - 5.0, Italy - 4.7, Japan - 4.3, Republic of Korea - 2.9, Poland - 2.5, Finland - 2.4, United Kingdom - 2.1, the Netherlands - 2.1,
Turkey -1.9%.

The World Fact Book
Central Intelligence Agency

www.economywatch.com

COMMODITY STRUCTURE OF IMPORT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

(http://www.gks.ru/bgd/regl/b10_12/IssWWW.exe/stg/d02/26-11.htm)

 

1995

2000

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

 

Bln. USD

Import, total

46.7

33.9

75.6

98.7

138

200

267

168

         of which:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

foodstuffs and agricultural raw materials (excluding textile)

13.2

7.4

13.9

17.4

21.6

27.6

35.2

30.1

mineral products

3.0

2.1

3.0

3.0

3.3

4.7

8.3

4.1

chemical products,
rubber

5.1

6.1

12.0

16.3

21.8

27.5

35.2

27.9

leather raw materials,
fur and articles there of

0.2

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.7

1.0

0.8

wood, pulp-and-paper
products

1.1

1.3

2.9

3.3

4.0

5.3

6.5

5.1

textiles, textile articles
and footwear

2.6

2.0

3.3

3.6

5.5

8.6

11.7

9.6

metals, precious stones and articles there of

3.9

2.8

6.0

7.7

10.6

16.4

19.3

11.3

machinery, equipment
and transport means

15.7

10.7

31.1

43.4

65.7

102

141

72.6

others

1.9

1.4

3.2

3.7

4.8

7.2

9.1

6.0

 

As percentage of total

Import, total

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

         of which:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

foodstuffs and agricultural raw materials (excluding textile)

28.1

21.8

18.3

17.7

15.7

13.8

13.2

18.0

mineral products

6.4

6.3

4.0

3.1

2.4

2.3

3.1

2.4

chemical products,
rubber

10.9

18.0

15.8

16.5

15.8

13.8

13.2

16.7

leather raw materials,
fur and articles there of

0.3

0.4

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.4

0.5

wood, pulp-and-paper
products

2.4

3.8

3.8

3.3

2.9

2.7

2.4

3.0

textiles, textile articles
and footwear

5.7

5.9

4.3

3.7

4.0

4.3

4.4

5.7

metals, precious stones and articles there of

8.5

8.3

8.0

7.7

7.7

8.2

7.2

6.7

machinery, equipment
and transport means

33.6

31.4

41.2

44.0

47.7

50.9

52.7

43.4

others

4.1

4.1

4.3

3.7

3.5

3.6

3.4

3.6

Import Regulations

(http://www.pwc.ru/en/doing-business-in-russia/assets/Doing-Business-Russian-Federation-2010.pdf)

Certain imports to Russia require permits, certification, licenses and other approvals, which should be submitted to the customs authorities during the customs clearance process. Declarations and certificates of conformity confirm that imported goods meet the Russian Federation standards.

Commodities imported to Russia are subject to certain customs payments:

  • Customs duties;
  • Import value added tax and excise tax;
  • Fees for customs clearance.

Import duty applies to most goods. The majority of customs duty rates in Russia are ad valorem (i.e., a percentage of the goods’ customs value). There are also specific duties for certain types of imports, calculated by volume, weight or quantity. Some duties have a combined rate incorporating the two and, therefore, the tax base may vary.

Base customs duty rates vary widely, from 100% but not less than EUR 2 per litre on spirits to 0% for some printed matter and certain priority imports.

Goods may be imported under a temporary import customs regime, normally for a period of up to two years. Generally, goods are permitted for temporary importation if it is possible to identify them upon their re-export. Temporary importation requires periodic customs payments of 3% per month of the total customs payments due had the goods been imported for free circulation. Goods that qualify as fixed assets for production purposes may be admitted and subject to a 3% monthly customs payment for a temporary import period of 34 months if the Russian user does not yet have property rights (e.g. for leasing).

Fixed production assets imported by a foreign investor as a charter capital contribution are free from customs duty. The goods must not be excisable and should be imported within the timeframe established for the formation of the charter capital.

Goods which have been imported into Russia may be re-exported provided they have not been released for free circulation in Russia. They are re-exported without payment of export customs duty.

For most goods, the import VAT rate is 18% of the customs value, inclusive of customs duty and excise (if any). Food, a certain range of children’s goods and a limited range of other goods may be subject to 10% or 0% VAT. VAT exemption is available for imported technological equipment.

A number of special economic zones with a free customs regime have been established in Russia. Generally, foreign goods imported to and used within the special economic zones are eligible for exemption from import customs duty and VAT.

Certain categories of goods are subject to excise tax for import to Russia (e.g., alcoholic beverages, cigarettes, etc.) Generally, excise tax rates are specific (i.e., based on the volume, weight or other characteristics of goods).

Customs processing fees are established as a flat fee and vary depending on the customs value of imported goods.

“Doing business and investing in the Russian Federation 2010” report (PricewaterhouseCoopers)
www.pwc.ru

“Russian Trade Regulation” Lecture
http://www.mgimo.ru/files/14785/LECTURE4_RUSSIAN-TRADE-REGULATION.ppt#283,1,RUSSIAN TRADE REGULATION

PARTNERS ТПП РФ Внешэкономбанк